Endothelium-dependent and -independent vascular responses were assessed in 10 NIDDM patients and 6 normal subjects with no evidence of atherosclerotic disease. Changes in forearm blood flow and arteriovenous (AV) serum nitrite/nitrate (NO2-/NO3-) concentrations were measured in response to intra-arterial infusion of acetylcholine (ACh) (7.5, 15, 30 microg/min, endothelium-dependent response) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) (0.3, 3, 10 microg/min, endothelium-independent response). Insulin sensitivity (determined by minimal model intravenous glucose tolerance test) was lower in NIDDM patients (0.82 +/- 0.20 vs. 2.97 +/- 0.29 10(4) min x microU(-1) x ml(-1); P < 0.01). Baseline forearm blood flow (4.8 +/- 0.3 vs. 4.4 +/- 0.3 ml x 100 ml(-1) tissue x min(-1); NS), mean blood pressure (100 +/- 4 vs. 92 +/- 4 mmHg; NS), and vascular resistance (21 +/- 1 vs. 21 +/- 1 units; NS), as well as their increments during ACh and SNP, infusion were similar in both groups. No difference existed in baseline NO2-/NO3- concentrations (4.09 +/- 0.33 [NIDDM patients] vs. 5.00 +/- 0.48 micromol/l [control subjects]; NS), their forearm net balance (0.31 +/- 0.08 [NIDDM patients] vs. 0.26 +/- 0.08 micromol/l x 100 ml(-1) tissue x min(-1); NS), and baseline forearm glucose uptake. During ACh infusion, both NO2- and NO3- concentrations and net balance significantly increased in both groups, whereas glucose uptake increased only in control subjects. When data from NIDDM and control groups were pooled together, a correlation was found between the forearm AV NO2- and NO3- differences and blood flow (r = 0.494, P = 0.024). On the contrary, no correlation was evident between NO2- and NO3- concentrations or net balance and insulin sensitivity. In summary, 1) no difference existed in basal and ACh-stimulated NO generation and endothelium-dependent relaxation between uncomplicated NIDDM patients and control subjects; 2) in both NIDDM and control groups, forearm NO2- and NO3- net balance following ACh stimulation was related to changes in the forearm blood flow; and 3) ACh-induced increase in forearm blood flow was associated with an increase in glucose uptake only in control subjects but not in NIDDM patients. In conclusion, our results argue against a role of impaired NO generation and blood flow regulation in determining the insulin resistance of uncomplicated NIDDM patients; rather, it supports an independent insulin regulation of hemodynamic and metabolic effects.
|Autori interni:||DEL PRATO, STEFANO|
|Autori:||AVOGARO A.; PIARULLI F.; VALERIO A.; MIOLA M.; CALVER M.; PAVAN P.; COBELLI C.; TIENGO A.; CALO' L.; DEL PRATO S|
|Titolo:||Forearm nitric oxide balance, vascular relaxation, and glucose metabolism in non-insulin dependent diabetic patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2337/diabetes.46.6.1040|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|