Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and other lipids, within the lysosomes due to mutation in either NPC1 or NPC2 genes. A feline model of NPC carrying a missense mutation in NPC1 gene has been previously identified. We have identified two kittens (cat1 and cat 2) affected by NPC disease due to a mutation in NPC2 gene. They manifested with tremors at the age of 3 months, which progressed to dystonia and severe ataxia. At 6 months of age cat 2 was unable to stand without assistance and had bilaterally reduced menace response. It died at the age of 10 months. Post-mortem histological analysis of the brain showed the presence of neurons with cytoplasmic swelling and vacuoles, gliosis of the substantia nigra and degeneration of the white matter, in particular in the cerebellum. Lungs presented alveolar edema and accumulation of large foamy macrophages. At 9 months cat 1 was unable to walk, developed seizures and it was euthanized at 21 months. Filipin staining of cultured fibroblasts showed massive storage of unesterified cholesterol. Molecular analysis of NPC1 and NPC2 genes showed the presence of a homozygous intronic mutation (c.82+5G>A) in the NPC2 gene. The subsequent analysis of the mRNA showed that the mutation causes the retention of 105bp in the mature mRNA, which leads to the in frame insertion of 35 amino acids between residues 28 and 29 of NPC2 protein (p.G28_S29ins35).

Characterization of a spontaneous novel mutation in the NPC2 gene in a cat affected by Niemann Pick type C disease

CANTILE, CARLO;
2014

Abstract

Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and other lipids, within the lysosomes due to mutation in either NPC1 or NPC2 genes. A feline model of NPC carrying a missense mutation in NPC1 gene has been previously identified. We have identified two kittens (cat1 and cat 2) affected by NPC disease due to a mutation in NPC2 gene. They manifested with tremors at the age of 3 months, which progressed to dystonia and severe ataxia. At 6 months of age cat 2 was unable to stand without assistance and had bilaterally reduced menace response. It died at the age of 10 months. Post-mortem histological analysis of the brain showed the presence of neurons with cytoplasmic swelling and vacuoles, gliosis of the substantia nigra and degeneration of the white matter, in particular in the cerebellum. Lungs presented alveolar edema and accumulation of large foamy macrophages. At 9 months cat 1 was unable to walk, developed seizures and it was euthanized at 21 months. Filipin staining of cultured fibroblasts showed massive storage of unesterified cholesterol. Molecular analysis of NPC1 and NPC2 genes showed the presence of a homozygous intronic mutation (c.82+5G>A) in the NPC2 gene. The subsequent analysis of the mRNA showed that the mutation causes the retention of 105bp in the mature mRNA, which leads to the in frame insertion of 35 amino acids between residues 28 and 29 of NPC2 protein (p.G28_S29ins35).
Zampieri, S; Bianchi, E; Cantile, Carlo; Saleri, R; Bembi, B; Dardis, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/561672
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