Plasmas of patients with Tangier disease (TD) lack lipid-rich alpha-HDL which, in normal plasma, constitutes the majority of high density lipoprotein (HDL). Residual amounts of apolipoprotein (apo)A-I in TD plasma occur as lipid-poor or even lipid-free prebeta-HDL. By contrast to normal plasma, TD plasma does not convert prebeta-HDL into alpha-HDL. Moreover, fibroblasts of TD patients were found to be defective in secreting cholesterol or phospholipids in the presence of lipid-free apoA-I. We have therefore hypothesized that both defective conversion of prebeta-HDL into alpha-HDL and defective lipid efflux from TD cells onto lipid-free apoA-I result from a disturbance in phospholipid transfer occurring in both cellular and extracellular compartments. To test this hypothesis we established an assay that measures the activity of plasma, cells, and cell culture media to transfer radiolabeled phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and phosphatidylinositol (PI) from vesicles onto apoA-I, apoA-II, albumin, or reconstituted HDL. Plasmas, HDL, and lipoprotein-depleted plasma of normolipidemic probands as well as cell homogenates and culture media of normal fibroblasts were active at 37 degrees C but not at 4 degrees C in transferring radiolabeled PC, PI, and PE dose- and time-dependently onto either lipid-free apoA-I or reconstituted HDL. Transfer of glycerophospholipids onto apoA-II was much lower than onto apoA-I; transfer onto albumin was close to background. Compared to ten normolipidemic plasmas and four apoA-I-deficient plasmas, plasmas of six TD patients were significantly reduced by 40-50% in their glycerophospholipid transfer activities. Compared to eight normal fibroblast cell lines, homogenates and culture media of four TD fibroblast cell lines were reduced by 40-50% and 30-35%, respectively, in their activity to transfer PC, PI, or PE onto apoA-I. Our data suggest that in TD the same mechanism underlies both defective conversion of prebeta-HDL into alpha-HDL and impaired efflux of cellular lipids, namely a defective phospholipid transfer.
|Autori:||von Eckardstein A; Chirazi A; Schuler-Luttmann S; Walter M; Kastelein JJP; Geisel J; Real JT; Miccoli R; Noseda G; Hobbel G; Assmann G|
|Titolo:||Plasma and fibroblasts of Tangier disease patients are disturbed in transferring phospholipids onto apolipoprotein A-I|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|