The aim of the study was to investigate any possible influence of polymorphisms of transmembrane transporters human organic cation transporter 1 (hOCT1), ABCB1, ABCG2 on imatinib pharmacokinetics in 33 men and 27 women (median age and range, 56 and 27-79 years, respectively) affected by chronic myeloid leukemia. A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed to investigate imatinib disposition in every patient and the role of transporter polymorphisms. Results showed that the α1-acid glycoprotein and the c.480C>G genotype of hOCT1 had a significant effect on apparent drug clearance (CL/F) being responsible, respectively, for a 20% and 10% decrease in interindividual variability (IIV) of CL/F (from 50.1 up to 19.6%). Interestingly, 25 patients carrying at least one polymorphic c.480 G allele had a significant lower CL/F value with respect to the 35 c.480CC individuals (mean±s.d., 9.6±1.6 vs 12.1±2.3 l h(-1), respectively; P<0.001). In conclusion, the hOCT1 c.480C>G SNP may significantly influence imatinib pharmacokinetics, supporting further analyses in larger groups of patients.

The c.480C>G polymorphism of hOCT1 influences imatinib clearance in patients affected by chronic myeloid leukemia.

DI PAOLO, ANTONELLO;BOCCI, GUIDO;DANESI, ROMANO;PETRINI, MARIO;GALIMBERTI, SARA
2014

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate any possible influence of polymorphisms of transmembrane transporters human organic cation transporter 1 (hOCT1), ABCB1, ABCG2 on imatinib pharmacokinetics in 33 men and 27 women (median age and range, 56 and 27-79 years, respectively) affected by chronic myeloid leukemia. A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed to investigate imatinib disposition in every patient and the role of transporter polymorphisms. Results showed that the α1-acid glycoprotein and the c.480C>G genotype of hOCT1 had a significant effect on apparent drug clearance (CL/F) being responsible, respectively, for a 20% and 10% decrease in interindividual variability (IIV) of CL/F (from 50.1 up to 19.6%). Interestingly, 25 patients carrying at least one polymorphic c.480 G allele had a significant lower CL/F value with respect to the 35 c.480CC individuals (mean±s.d., 9.6±1.6 vs 12.1±2.3 l h(-1), respectively; P<0.001). In conclusion, the hOCT1 c.480C>G SNP may significantly influence imatinib pharmacokinetics, supporting further analyses in larger groups of patients.
DI PAOLO, Antonello; Polillo, M; Capecchi, M; Cervetti, G; Baratè, C; Angelini, S; Guerrini, F; Fontanelli, G; Arici, R; Ciabatti, E; Grassi, S; Bocci, Guido; Hrelia, P; Danesi, Romano; Petrini, Mario; Galimberti, Sara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/565268
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