The aim of the study was to investigate any possible influence of polymorphisms of transmembrane transporters human organic cation transporter 1 (hOCT1), ABCB1, ABCG2 on imatinib pharmacokinetics in 33 men and 27 women (median age and range, 56 and 27-79 years, respectively) affected by chronic myeloid leukemia. A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed to investigate imatinib disposition in every patient and the role of transporter polymorphisms. Results showed that the α1-acid glycoprotein and the c.480C>G genotype of hOCT1 had a significant effect on apparent drug clearance (CL/F) being responsible, respectively, for a 20% and 10% decrease in interindividual variability (IIV) of CL/F (from 50.1 up to 19.6%). Interestingly, 25 patients carrying at least one polymorphic c.480 G allele had a significant lower CL/F value with respect to the 35 c.480CC individuals (mean±s.d., 9.6±1.6 vs 12.1±2.3 l h(-1), respectively; P<0.001). In conclusion, the hOCT1 c.480C>G SNP may significantly influence imatinib pharmacokinetics, supporting further analyses in larger groups of patients.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.