The reactions of cis- and trans-2-tert-butyl-4,5-epoxytetrahydropyran with HBr and with LAH have been examined as a model for the nucleophilic step of the reaction of the corresponding olefin with NBA in aqueous dioxane. A remarkable 90:10 preference for electrophilic attack syn to the tert -butyl group in the NBA reaction is found and shows that the two epoxides, as well as the intermediate epibromonium ions, undergo nucleophilic attack with high preference for diaxial opening, even when this requires reaction at carbon 5, which is more subject than carbon 4 to the unfavourable inductive effect of the pyran ring oxygen. These results constitute a further proof in favour of a mechanism of N-haloamide promoted electrophilic additions in which the electrophilic step is rapidly reversible and product composition is determined during the nucleophilic step.

The mechanism of N-haloamide promoted electrophilic additions. High regio- and stereoselectivity in the conversion of 2-tert-butyl-3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran into bromohydrins and in the opening of the corresponding epoxides

CATELANI, GIORGIO;
1977

Abstract

The reactions of cis- and trans-2-tert-butyl-4,5-epoxytetrahydropyran with HBr and with LAH have been examined as a model for the nucleophilic step of the reaction of the corresponding olefin with NBA in aqueous dioxane. A remarkable 90:10 preference for electrophilic attack syn to the tert -butyl group in the NBA reaction is found and shows that the two epoxides, as well as the intermediate epibromonium ions, undergo nucleophilic attack with high preference for diaxial opening, even when this requires reaction at carbon 5, which is more subject than carbon 4 to the unfavourable inductive effect of the pyran ring oxygen. These results constitute a further proof in favour of a mechanism of N-haloamide promoted electrophilic additions in which the electrophilic step is rapidly reversible and product composition is determined during the nucleophilic step.
Anselmi, C; Catelani, Giorgio; Catelani, G; Lecce, L; Monti, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/567
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