We present a procedure for enhancing the data quality of shallow seismic data based on two different steps: 1) an acquisition step that requires the recording of closely spaced common source records with standard source and receiver equipment and 2) a processing step where weighted and/or un-weighted source and/or receiver arrays can be simulated on the basis of required needs for source related noise attenuation and depth penetration. The data acquisition can be carried out employing single source – single geophone recordings, with a standard 24 or 48 channels equipment. Simple energy sources such as weight drops or sledgehammer are considered. The design and application of the spatial filters in the processing phase is very flexible and can be tailored to the specific needs: in fact, the simulated source and/or receiver arrays can be time and/or space variant and, if needed, can be weighted to provide the desired responses. Optimal weights can be determined by means of Chebyshev polynomials. Real data examples show the increase in the data quality in terms of better coherent noise attenuation and of enhanced depth penetration.

Source and Receiver array simulations for near surface seismic investigations

TOGNARELLI, ANDREA;STUCCHI, EUSEBIO MARIA
2013

Abstract

We present a procedure for enhancing the data quality of shallow seismic data based on two different steps: 1) an acquisition step that requires the recording of closely spaced common source records with standard source and receiver equipment and 2) a processing step where weighted and/or un-weighted source and/or receiver arrays can be simulated on the basis of required needs for source related noise attenuation and depth penetration. The data acquisition can be carried out employing single source – single geophone recordings, with a standard 24 or 48 channels equipment. Simple energy sources such as weight drops or sledgehammer are considered. The design and application of the spatial filters in the processing phase is very flexible and can be tailored to the specific needs: in fact, the simulated source and/or receiver arrays can be time and/or space variant and, if needed, can be weighted to provide the desired responses. Optimal weights can be determined by means of Chebyshev polynomials. Real data examples show the increase in the data quality in terms of better coherent noise attenuation and of enhanced depth penetration.
9789073834385
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/568072
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