Lanthanides are easily extracted as N,N-dibutylcarbamato complexes from aqueous solutions of their chlorides into heptane solutions of dibutylamine saturated with CO2. The products are recovered in high yields and are soluble in hydrocarbons. The derivatives [Ln(O2CNBu2)3]n [Ln = Nd (1), Eu (2), Tb (3)], [NH2Bu2]2[Ln4(CO3)- (O2CNBu2)12] [Ln = Tb (4), Sm (5), Eu (6)], and [Sm4(CO3)(O2CNBu2)10], 7, have thus been obtained. The crystal and molecular structure of 4 has been solved; the samarium and europium complexes 5 and 6 were found to be isostructural. Mass spectra of the complexes 1−3, 4, and 7 (in MeCN/toluene) reveal that equilibria are present in solution. Compound 2 has been reacted in toluene with NHBz2 in the presence of CO2 affording [NH2Bz2][Eu(O2CNBz2)4], 8, through a ligand exchange process. By thermal treatment, 8 afforded [Eu(O2CNBz2)3]n, 9. With a similar procedure [Sm(O2CNBz2)3]n, 10, was obtained from 5. According to the photoluminescence study carried out on solid samples of 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8, the metal centered f−f transitions represent the only effective way to induce lanthanide luminescence in these complexes.

Preparation of N,N-Dialkylcarbamato Lanthanide Complexes by Extraction of Lanthanide Ions from Aqueous Solution into Hydrocarbons

BELLI, DANIELA;LABELLA, LUCA;MARCHETTI, FABIO;SAMARITANI, SIMONA
2014

Abstract

Lanthanides are easily extracted as N,N-dibutylcarbamato complexes from aqueous solutions of their chlorides into heptane solutions of dibutylamine saturated with CO2. The products are recovered in high yields and are soluble in hydrocarbons. The derivatives [Ln(O2CNBu2)3]n [Ln = Nd (1), Eu (2), Tb (3)], [NH2Bu2]2[Ln4(CO3)- (O2CNBu2)12] [Ln = Tb (4), Sm (5), Eu (6)], and [Sm4(CO3)(O2CNBu2)10], 7, have thus been obtained. The crystal and molecular structure of 4 has been solved; the samarium and europium complexes 5 and 6 were found to be isostructural. Mass spectra of the complexes 1−3, 4, and 7 (in MeCN/toluene) reveal that equilibria are present in solution. Compound 2 has been reacted in toluene with NHBz2 in the presence of CO2 affording [NH2Bz2][Eu(O2CNBz2)4], 8, through a ligand exchange process. By thermal treatment, 8 afforded [Eu(O2CNBz2)3]n, 9. With a similar procedure [Sm(O2CNBz2)3]n, 10, was obtained from 5. According to the photoluminescence study carried out on solid samples of 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8, the metal centered f−f transitions represent the only effective way to induce lanthanide luminescence in these complexes.
Armelao, Lidia; Belli, Daniela; Biagini, Paolo; Bottaro, Gregorio; Chiaberge, Stefano; Falvo, Paola; Labella, Luca; Marchetti, Fabio; Samaritani, Simona
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/570677
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