A long-standing controversy in the micrometeorite community regards the relative contribution of primitive asteroids or comets and of evolved asteroids to the interplanetary dust cloud. We compiled and studied a large set of oxygen isotopic data from the literature on cosmic spherules from different collections covering different influx periods within the last ∼1 Myr. Cosmic spherules (micrometeorites melted during atmospheric entry) are the most abundant micrometeorites in worldwide collections. According to several models, they are representative of the composition and origin of micrometeorites >50 μm in size. Spherule statistics (136 spherules, 50–2280 μm in size) indicate that at least 20% of the micrometeoroid complex is fed by asteroids observed in the inner asteroid belt: the ordinary chondrite and secondarily the HED parent asteroids likely belonging to the S-type and V-type spectral classes, respectively. Another ∼60% (or more) is related to primitive objects of the Solar System with carbonaceous chondrite compositions: either primitive asteroids belonging to the C-, D- or P-type spectral classes in the outer asteroid belt or comets. Contribution from terrestrial planets has not been identified yet. Oxygen isotopes also document that the composition of the micrometeoroid complex is different from that of macroscopic meteoroids, since the latter is dominated by materials from evolved and differentiated asteroids rather than primitive asteroids or comets. Cosmic spherule statistics show that the contribution of ordinary chondrite material to the composition of the micrometeoroid complex increases with micrometeorite size, thereby documenting a continuum between meteorites and micrometeorites. The transition in terms of relative abundance of the two cosmic spherule populations occurs around 500 μm in size.
|Autori interni:||FOLCO, LUIGI|
|Autori:||Cordier C; Folco L|
|Titolo:||Oxygen isotopes in cosmic spherules and the composition of the near Earth interplanetary dust complex|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.gca.2014.09.038|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|