Perampanel is a new chemical entity recently approved in the United States (US) and European Union (EU) as adjunctive treatment of partial-onset seizures with and without secondary generalization in patients with epilepsy aged 12 years and older. Pharmacological studies suggest that perampanel acts with a new mechanism of action via non-competitive antagonism of the ionotropic α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazoleproprionic acid (AMPA) receptor of glutamate, the main mediator of excitatory neurotransmission in the central nervous system. Perampanel is completely absorbed after oral administration. The drug is 95% bound to plasma proteins and is extensively metabolized by oxidation followed by glucuronidation. Perampanel has an elimination half-life of approximately 52-129h, allowing once daily dosing, with peak plasma levels observed 0.25-2h post-dose. Randomized placebo-controlled trials of adjunctive treatment have demonstrated that once-daily perampanel doses of 4-12mg/day significantly reduced partial-onset seizure frequency in patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy along with a favorable tolerability profile. In perampanel pivotal trials, the most frequently reported treatment emergent adverse events (>10%) included dizziness, somnolence, fatigue and headache. Perampanel therapeutic response was maintained in patients included in the long term open-label extension studies for up to 4 years. Based on these data, perampanel offers a valuable option in the add-on treatment of partial-onset and secondarily generalized seizures.
|Autori:||Franco V; Crema F; Iudice A; Zaccara G; Grillo E.|
|Titolo:||Novel treatment options for epilepsy: focus on perampanel.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.phrs.2012.12.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|