To evaluate the different contributions of either microsomal FAD-containing ( FADM ) or cytochrome P-450 dependent monooxygenases in the bioactivation and liver toxicity of thioacetamide-S-oxide ( TASO ) (a proximate metabolite of the liver toxin and carcinogen thioacetamide), this compound: (i) was given to rats pretreated with methimazole (a substrate and inhibitor of FADM ), SKF 525-A (an inhibitor of cytochrome P-450) and cobalt protoporphyrin IX (a synthetic porphyrin which induces a long-lasting depletion of the hepatic cytochrome P-450); and (ii) was added to liver microsomes performing oxidation of model FADM or cytochrome P-450 substrates. Whereas the prior administration of methimazole alleviated the TASO induced liver necrosis, SKF 525-A was almost ineffective. Also pretreatment with cobalt protoporphyrin IX prevented liver necrosis. However, this porphyrin derivative was found to depress both cytochrome P-450 dependent and the FADM dependent biotransformations. On the other hand, addition of TASO to liver microsomes in vitro induced changes in the kinetics of S-oxidation of thiobenzamide and of N-oxidation of dimethylaniline, whereas the O-deethylation of ethoxycoumarin was unchanged. The overall results show the necessity of TASO bioactivation by mixed-function monooxygenases for the toxic action to be apparent; at the same time, the findings suggest FADM as the system mainly involved in TASO metabolism.
|Autori:||Chieli E; Malvaldi G.|
|Titolo:||Role of the microsomal FAD-containing monooxygenase in the liver toxicity of thioacetamide S-oxide.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1984|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|