The Emilia, May–July 2012, earthquake hit a highly industrialized area, where some tens thousands industrial buldings, mainly single storey precast structures, are located. Due to the likelihood of strong after shocks and the high vulnerability of these structures, the authorities first asked for a generalized seismic retrofit after the strong shakings of May 20th. In order to accelerate community recovery, this requirement was later loosened, leaving out the buildings which had undergone a strong enough shaking without any damage; the strong enough shaking was defined with reference to the ultimate limit state design earthquake. To the authors’ knowledge, it is the first time that the information on the earthquake intensity and structural damage is used for such a large scale post earthquake simplified safety assessment. In short, the earthquake was used as large experimental test. This paper shows the details of the models and computations made to identify the industrial buildings which have been considered earthquake tested and therefore not compelled to mandatory seismic retrofit. Since earthquake indirect (e.g. due to economic halt) costs may be as large the direct ones, or even larger, it is believed that this method may considerably lower the earthquake total costs and speed up the social and economic recovery of a community.
|Autori:||F. Braga;R. Gigliotti;G. Monti;F. Morelli;C. Nuti;W. Salvatore;I. Vanzi|
|Titolo:||Speedup of post earthquake community recovery: the case of precast industrial buildings after the Emilia 2012 earthquake|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10518-014-9583-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|