Obesity has been implicated in the development of many cancers. This can lead to genome damage, especially in the form of double-strand break, the presence of which is now easily detected through nuclear phosphorylation of histone H2AX (γ-H2AX) focus assay. Recently, the endothelin (ET) axis has also been shown to have a role in the growth and progression of several tumors, including lung cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ET-1 system transcriptional alterations and γ-H2AX in lung tissue of Zucker rats subdivided into obese (O, n=22) and controls (CO, n=18) rats: under either fasting conditions (CO(fc)-O(fc)) or acute hyperglycemia (CO(AH)-O(AH)). Significantly higher prepro-ET-1 (p=0.05) and ET-converting enzyme (ECE)-2 mRNA expression was observed in O with respect to CO. A significant positive association was observed between prepro-ET-1 and ET-A in the whole rat population (p=0.009) or in the obese group alone (p=0.007). The levels of γ-H2AX in O and in O(AH) rats were significantly higher (p=0.019) than in the corresponding CO and CO(AH) rats (p=0.038). The study shows an inappropriate secretion of ET-1 in O animals with a parallel DNA damage in their lungs, providing novel mechanisms by which ET receptor antagonist may exert organ protection.
|Autori:||Del Ry S; Cabiati M; Salvadori C; Guiducci L; Caselli C; Prescimone T; Facioni MS; Azzarà A; Chiaramonte A; Mazzoni S; Bruschi F; Giannessi D; Scarpato R|
|Titolo:||Transcriptional Alterations of ET-1 Axis and DNA Damage in Lung Tissue of a Rat Obesity Model|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1089/dna.2014.2705|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|