Actual evapotranspiration from typical Mediterranean crops has been assessed in a Sicilian study area by using Surface Energy Balance and Agro-Hydrological models.Both modelling approaches require remotely sensed data to estimate evapotranspiration fluxes in a spatially distributed way. The first approach exploits visible (VIS), near-infrared (NIR) and thermal (TIR) observations to solve the surface energy balance equation. To this end two different schemes have been tested: the two-sources TSEB model, where soil and vegetation components of the surface energy balance are treated separately, and the widely used one-source SEBAL model, where soil and vegetation are considered as a sole source. Actual evapotranspiration estimates by means of the two surface energy balance models have been compared with the results of the Agro-Hydrological model SWAP, applied in a spatially distributed way to simulate one-dimensional water flow in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. In this latter model, remote sensing data in the VIS and NIR spectral ranges have been used to infer spatially distributed vegetation parameters needed to set up the upper boundary condition of SWAP. In the comparison presented here, actual evapotranspiration values obtained from the application of the soil water balance model SWAP have been considered as the reference. Considering that the study area is characterized by typical Mediterranean sparse vegetation, i.e. olive, citrus and vineyards, we focused the attention on the main conceptual differences between SEBAL and TSEB. Airborne hyperspectral data acquired during a NERC campaign in 2005 have been used. The results of the investigation evidenced that the remote sensing two-sources approach used in TSEB model describes turbulent and radiative surface fluxes in a more realistic way than the one-source approach.

Estimation of Mediterranean crops evapotranspiration by means of remote-sensing based models

RALLO, GIOVANNI
2009

Abstract

Actual evapotranspiration from typical Mediterranean crops has been assessed in a Sicilian study area by using Surface Energy Balance and Agro-Hydrological models.Both modelling approaches require remotely sensed data to estimate evapotranspiration fluxes in a spatially distributed way. The first approach exploits visible (VIS), near-infrared (NIR) and thermal (TIR) observations to solve the surface energy balance equation. To this end two different schemes have been tested: the two-sources TSEB model, where soil and vegetation components of the surface energy balance are treated separately, and the widely used one-source SEBAL model, where soil and vegetation are considered as a sole source. Actual evapotranspiration estimates by means of the two surface energy balance models have been compared with the results of the Agro-Hydrological model SWAP, applied in a spatially distributed way to simulate one-dimensional water flow in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. In this latter model, remote sensing data in the VIS and NIR spectral ranges have been used to infer spatially distributed vegetation parameters needed to set up the upper boundary condition of SWAP. In the comparison presented here, actual evapotranspiration values obtained from the application of the soil water balance model SWAP have been considered as the reference. Considering that the study area is characterized by typical Mediterranean sparse vegetation, i.e. olive, citrus and vineyards, we focused the attention on the main conceptual differences between SEBAL and TSEB. Airborne hyperspectral data acquired during a NERC campaign in 2005 have been used. The results of the investigation evidenced that the remote sensing two-sources approach used in TSEB model describes turbulent and radiative surface fluxes in a more realistic way than the one-source approach.
M., Minacapilli; C., Agnese; F. Blanda, F.; Cammalleri, C.; Ciraolo, G.; D’Urso, G.; Iovino, M.; Pumo, D.; Provenzano, G.; Rallo, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/659480
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