BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Investigators have suggested that the chemokine receptor CCR1 plays a role in multiple myeloma. Studies using antisense and neutralizing antibodies to CCR1 showed that down-regulation of the receptor altered disease progression in a mouse model. More recently, experiments utilizing scid mice injected with human myeloma cells demonstrated that the CCR1 antagonist BX471 reduced osteolytic lesions, while the CCR1 antagonist MLN-3897 prevented myeloma cell adhesion to osteoclasts. However, information is limited regarding the pharmacology of CCR1 antagonists in myeloma cells. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We compared several well-studied CCR1 antagonists including AZD4818, BX471, CCX354, CP-481715, MLN-3897 and PS899877 for their ability to inhibit binding of [(125)I]-CCL3 in vitro using membranes prepared from RPMI 8226 cells, a human multiple myeloma cell line that endogenously expresses CCR1. In addition, antagonists were assessed for their ability to modulate CCL3-mediated internalization of CCR1 and CCL3-mediated cell migration using RPMI 8226 cells. As many GPCRs signal through β-arrestin-dependent pathways that are separate and distinct from those driven by G-proteins, we also evaluated the compounds for their ability to alter β-arrestin translocation. KEY RESULTS: There were clear differences between the CCR1 antagonists in their ability to inhibit CCL3 binding to myeloma cells, as well as in their ability to inhibit G-protein-dependent and -independent functional responses. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Our studies demonstrate that tissue phenotype seems to be relevant with regards to CCR1. Moreover, it appears that for CCR1 antagonists, inhibition of β-arrestin translocation is not necessarily linked to chemotaxis or receptor internalization.
|Autori:||Gilchrist A.; Gauntner T.D.; Fazzini A.; Alley K.M.; Pyen D.S.; Ahn J.; Ha S.J.; Willett A.; Sansom S.E.; Yarfi J.L.; Bachovchin K.A.; Mazzoni M.R.; Merritt J.R.|
|Titolo:||Identifying bias in CCR1 antagonists using radiolabelled binding, receptor internalization, β-arrestin translocation and chemotaxis assays.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/bph.12835|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|