Bone mass acquired during childhood and adolescence is a key determinant of adult bone health. Peak bone mass, which is achieved in late adolescence, is a main determinant of osteoporosis in adulthood. Therefore, any factor adversely impacting on bone acquisition during childhood or adolescence can potentially have long-standing detrimental effects on bone health predisposing to osteoporosis and fracture risk. Thus, osteoporosis can well have its origin in childhood and adolescence. Pediatricians should be playing an active role in osteoporosis diagnosis and prevention. It is increasingly recognized that osteoporosis may occur in some disorders of children and adolescents. In this paper we review the diagnostic criteria of osteopenia/osteoporosis by densitometric assessment of bone mineral density, the contributing factors, and the mechanisms whereby several disorders may affect the acquisition of bone mass in children and adolescents. Finally, some recommendations to optimize peak bone mass in order to prevent osteopenia/osteoporosis are suggested.
|Autori:||SAGGESE G; BARONCELLI GI; BERTELLONI S|
|Titolo:||Osteoporosis in children and adolescents: Diagnosis, risk factors, and prevention|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|