OBJECTIVE. Bone health is a major concern in patients with Turner syndrome (TS). There are few studies assessing bone mineral status in TS adolescents and none have reported a clear relationship with the risk of fracture. We assessed bone mineral status at three different skeletal sites by two different densitometric techniques in a group of TS adolescents. DESIGN. In 24 TS adolescents (17.1±3.1 years) we evaluated lumbar and femoral volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS) and bone transmission time (BTT) with phalangeal quantitative ultrasound (QUS). RESULTS. Mean lumbar vBMD Z-score was normal, while mean femoral vBMD, ADSoS and BTT Z-score were reduced. 8/24 (33.3%) and 13/24 (54.2%) girls had AD-SoS and BTT ≤-2 Z-score, respectively, while lumbar vBMD and femoral vBMD were ≤-2 Z-score only in 2/24 (8.4%) and 1/24 (4.2%) patients. Overall, we documented 15 fractures (three pathological) in 8 girls. Patients who reported at least one fracture had lower AD-SoS and BTT Z-score values than fracture-free girls. The presence of a value of BTT ≤-2.0 Z-score was associated with a significant OR of positive history of fracture of 11.67 (χ2=5.906, p =0.015, C.I. 95% 1.14-119.54). Lumbar and femoral vBMD were not related to fracture risk. CONCLUSIONS. TS adolescents may have impaired bone mineral status in skeletal sites with predominant cortical bone. Phalangeal QUS represents a useful method to identify subjects with increased fracture risk.

Usefulness of phalangeal quantitative ultrasound in identifying reduced bone mineral status and increased fracture risk in adolescents with Turner syndrome.

ERBA, PAOLA ANNA;FEDERICO, GIOVANNI;SAGGESE, GIUSEPPE
2014

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Bone health is a major concern in patients with Turner syndrome (TS). There are few studies assessing bone mineral status in TS adolescents and none have reported a clear relationship with the risk of fracture. We assessed bone mineral status at three different skeletal sites by two different densitometric techniques in a group of TS adolescents. DESIGN. In 24 TS adolescents (17.1±3.1 years) we evaluated lumbar and femoral volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS) and bone transmission time (BTT) with phalangeal quantitative ultrasound (QUS). RESULTS. Mean lumbar vBMD Z-score was normal, while mean femoral vBMD, ADSoS and BTT Z-score were reduced. 8/24 (33.3%) and 13/24 (54.2%) girls had AD-SoS and BTT ≤-2 Z-score, respectively, while lumbar vBMD and femoral vBMD were ≤-2 Z-score only in 2/24 (8.4%) and 1/24 (4.2%) patients. Overall, we documented 15 fractures (three pathological) in 8 girls. Patients who reported at least one fracture had lower AD-SoS and BTT Z-score values than fracture-free girls. The presence of a value of BTT ≤-2.0 Z-score was associated with a significant OR of positive history of fracture of 11.67 (χ2=5.906, p =0.015, C.I. 95% 1.14-119.54). Lumbar and femoral vBMD were not related to fracture risk. CONCLUSIONS. TS adolescents may have impaired bone mineral status in skeletal sites with predominant cortical bone. Phalangeal QUS represents a useful method to identify subjects with increased fracture risk.
Vierucci, F; Del Pistoia, M; Erba, PAOLA ANNA; Federico, Giovanni; Saggese, Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/680264
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