Abstract Introduction: This paper provides a critical review of the data concerning the effects of combined hormonal contraceptives (CHC) for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim is to determine the best treatment option for each PCOS phenotype. Study design: A literature search of the PubMed database was conducted for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and observational studies published in any language prior to October 2013. Hyperandrogenism (HA) is the essential diagnostic criterion for PCOS and is frequently associated with insulin resistance (IR) or obesity. The combinations of these criteria define the different PCOS phenotypes and establish the scale of metabolic and cardiovascular risks. Results and conclusions: 19 RCTs and eight observational studies evaluated issues related to the current objectives. CHC represent an effective and safe treatment in women with any PCOS phenotype. In HA/PCOS patients, any CHC analyzed in this review can be used for symptom relief. For patients with metabolic risk, overweight or moderate IR that does not require metformin, a vaginal contraceptive ring appears to be preferred to oral EE/DRP. In these patients, the combination of CHC and myo-inositol may be more effective in controlling endocrine and metabolic profiles. However, further research is needed to define the optimal duration and to clarify the effects of treatment on long-term metabolic outcomes. Future research should also focus on new CHC.
|Autori:||N. Mendoza;T. Simoncini;A. D. Genazzani|
|Titolo:||Hormonal contraceptive choice for women with PCOS: a systematic review of randomized trials and observational studies.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3109/09513590.2014.943725|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|