The effect of long-term in vitro shoot culture on somatic embryogenesis in quince BA 29 was investigated. Three experiments were performed on leaves explanted at about 8-mo. intervals from the same culture stock and maintained under different light qualities. Embryo production was assessed either in terms of percentage of embryogenic leaves or number of embryos per leaf. By appropriate data processing both these responses were linearly related to photoequilibrium in each experiment. Statistical comparisons among the three experiments showed significant differences both in mean (computed over light qualities) and line slope values. In particular, with increasing shoot culture age, both percentage of embryogenic leaves and number of embryos per leaf progressively increased, while mean slope values decreased. The increase in mean values suggests a positive effect on somatic embryogenesis due to possible tissue rejuvenation when mother cultures were cultivated in vitro for longer periods. Slope decrease over time indicated the interactions between age of the in vitro culture and photoequilibrium. Thus, embryo production at different culture ages was consistently found to be highest at high photoequilibrium values; in contrast, if a low level of phytochrome was activated, embryogenesis in the youngest cultures was low or absent, but increased with the progressive tissue rejuvenation arising from long-term in vitro culture.
|Autori:||BELLOCCHI G; D'ONOFRIO C; MORINI S|
|Titolo:||Effect of long-term in vitro shoot culture on somatic embryogenesis of quince leaves treated with different light qualities|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11627-001-0127-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|