Objective. It has been proposed that noninherited maternal antigens (MMA) (HLA-DR antigens) might play a role in susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially in patients who are not genetically predisposed, such as those who are HLA-DR4 and/or shared epitope (SE) negative. The present study was undertaken to test the NIMA hypothesis in a large cohort of European RA patients assembled by the European Consortium on RA Families (ECRAF). Methods. HLA-DRB1 oligotyping was performed in families of European RA patients for whom bath parents were alive. These families were consecutively recruited by the ECRAF between 1996 and 1998, for association studies. The frequencies of HLA-DR NIMA were compared with those of the noninherited paternal antigens (NIPA) after stratification for HLA-DR*04, *0401 and/or *0404, and SE status. NIMA or MPA that coincided with inherited HLA-DR antigens were considered redundant and excluded from analysis. Calculations concerning the whole group and restricted to patients lacking parental RA were performed. Results. One hundred seventy families from France (n = 81), Belgium (n = 23), Spain (n = 24), Italy (n = 19), Portugal (n = 14), and The Netherlands (n = 9) were oligotyped. The group of probands was predominantly female (88%), positive for rheumatoid factor, DR*04, and SE (71%, 58%, and 75%, respectively), and had erosive disease (75%). Parental RA was reported in 21 families. Using the NIPA as control, the frequency of HLA-DRB1*04, *0401 and for *0404-, or SE-positive NIMA was not found to be increased in patients lacking these susceptibility alleles. The same was true when the 21 probands with parental RA were excluded from analysis. In DRB1*04-positive patients, we found no evidence of a relevant effect of HLA-DR3 or DR6 in the NIMA. Conclusion. Our results do not support the notion that noninherited maternal antigens have a role in susceptibility to RA in the offspring.
|Autori:||BARRERA P; BALSA A; ALVES H; WESTHOVENS R; MAENAUT K; CORNELIS F; FRITZ P; BARDIN T; CEU MAIA M; LOPES-VAZ A; PASCUAL SALCEDO D; DE LA CONCHA E; RADSTAKE T; VAN DE PUTTE LB; MIGLIORINI P; PRUDHOMME JF; CHARRON D; SPYROPOULOU M; MENDES A; SPAEPEN M; MARTINEZ M; STAVROPOULOS C; EUROPEAN CONSORTIUM ON RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS FAMILIES|
|Titolo:||Noninherited maternal antigens do not increase the susceptibility for familial rheumatoid arthritis. European Consortium on Rheumatoid Arthritis Families (ECRAF)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|