Abstract The pelvic congestion syndrome has been widely studied in the female sex, while there are not many publications on the male equivalent. Prostatitis represent the most frequent affections of the genito-urinary male tract that require the urologic consult, but in the majority of the cases the etiology of such affections remains unknown. Some forms of microscopic hematuria or macroscopic hematuria are also cryptogenetic. Varicocelectomy is widely given in the infertile patients, but not always the intervention achieves a recovery of the semen quality. In this work we revisit the anatomy of the pelvic male venous drain and we depict its objective findings with the echo-color-Doppler sonography (ECD). The purpose of the study is to encourage a polycentric uro-andrologic search on large numbers, with the goal of resolve if the ECD pictures of congestion pelvic syndrome could have relation with some "prostatitis syndromes", with some cryptogenetic hematuria and/or with the prognosis of the infertile patients undergone to varicocelectomy.
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