Purpose: To test the hypothesis that D-dimer (D-D), a cross-linked fibrin degradation product of an ongoing thrombotic event, could be a marker for incomplete aneurysm exclusion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Methods: In a multicenter study, 83 venous blood samples were collected from 74 AAA endograft patients and controls. Twenty subjects who were >6 months postimplantation and had evidence of an endoleak and/or an unmodified or increasing AAA sac diameter formed the test group. Controls were 10 nondiseased subjects >65 years old, 18 AAA surgical candidates, and 26 postoperative endograft patients with no endoleak and a shrinking aneurysm. Blood samples were analyzed for D-D through a latex turbidimetric immunoassay. The endograft patients were stratified into 5 clinical groups for analysis: no endoleak and decreasing sac diameter, no endoleak and increasing/unchanged sac diameter, type II endoleak and decreasing sac diameter, type II endoleak and increasing/unchanged sac diameter, and type I endoleak. Results: Individual D-D values were highly variable, but differences among clinical groups were statistically significant (p < 0.0001). D-D values did not vary significantly between patients with stable, untreated AAAs and age-matched controls (238 ± 180 ng/mL versus 421 ± 400 ng/mL, p > 0.05). Median D-D values increased at 4 days postoperatively (963 ng/mL versus 382 ng/mL, p > 0.05) and did not vary thereafter if there was no endoleak and the aneurysm sac decreased. D-D mean values were higher in patients with type I endoleak (1931 ± 924 ng/mL, p < 0.005) and those with unchanged/increasing sac diameters (1272 ± 728 ng/mL) than in cases with decreasing diameters (median 638 ± 238 ng/mL) despite the presence of endoleak (p < 0.0005). Conclusions: Elevated D-D may prove to be a useful marker for fixation problems after endovascular AAA repair and may help rule out type I endoleak, thus excluding patients from unnecessary invasive tests.
|Autori:||F. SERINO; D. ABENI; E. GALVAGNI; S.G. SARDELLA; A. SCURO; FERRARI M; I. CIARAFONI; L. SILVESTRI AND A. FUSCO|
|Titolo:||Non invasive diagnosis of incomplete endovascular aneurysm repair: the D-Dimer assay on venous blood samples can reveal type I endoleak and non decreasing size of abdominal aortic aneurysm|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1583/1545-1550(2002)009<0090:NDOIEA>2.0.CO;2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|