Ultra-sensitive ring laser gyroscopes are regarded as potential detectors of the general relativistic frame-dragging effect due to the rotation of the Earth. Our project for this goal is called GINGER (gyroscopes in general relativity), and consists of a ground-based triaxial array of ring lasers aimed at measuring the rotation rate of the Earth with an accuracy of 10−14 rad s−1. Such an ambitious goal is now within reach, as large-area ring lasers are very close to the required sensitivity and stability. However, demanding constraints on the geometrical stability of the optical path of the laser inside the ring cavity are required. Thus, we have begun a detailed study of the geometry of an optical cavity in order to find a control strategy for its geometry that could meet the specifications of the GINGER project. As the cavity perimeter has a stationary point for the square configuration, we identify a set of transformations on the mirror positions that allows us to adjust the laser beam steering to the shape of a square. We show that the geometrical stability of a square cavity strongly increases by implementing a suitable system to measure the mirror distances, and that the geometry stabilization can be achieved by measuring the absolute lengths of the two diagonals and the perimeter of the ring.
|Autori:||R Santagata;A Beghi;J Belfi;N Beverini;D Cuccato;A Di Virgilio;A Ortolan;A Porzio;S Solimeno|
|Titolo:||Optimization of the geometrical stability in square ring laser gyroscopes|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0264-9381/32/5/055013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|