BACKGROUND AND OBIECTIVE: The investigation of the relationship between affective symptoms and dopamine transporter (DAT) density provided conflicting data in both Parkinson's disease (PD) and non-PD patients. However, the potential interference of psychoactive as well as anti-parkinsonian drugs on DAT density should be taken into account. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between affective symptoms and pre-synaptic dopaminergic function in de novo PD patients. METHODS: Forty-four de novo PD consecutive outpatients were recruited, and the severity of anxious symptoms was evaluated with the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), the severity of depressive symptoms with the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Six patients had a formal diagnosis of depression. All patients performed (123) I-FP-CIT SPECT, and semi-quantitative striatal indices were calculated. RESULTS: Disease severity, as measured by Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRSIII), was inversely correlated with bilateral striatal indices. Bilateral striatal uptake was significantly positively correlated with HAM-D (r.329; r.423, respectively, right and left), BDI (r.377; r.360, respectively, right and left) and HAM-A (r.338; r.340, respectively, right and left). After controlling for age, disease duration and severity, and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), no significant reduction in r-values was observed (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our data support the existence of a relationship between depressive and anxious symptoms and the striatal (123) I-FP-CIT uptake. The finding of an increased DAT density associated with mild affective symptoms could be due to the lack of compensatory mechanisms usually present in early PD, and/or it might have a pathogenic role in affective symptoms by reducing the dopaminergic tone in the synaptic cleft

Mild affective symptoms in de novo Parkinson's disease patients: relationship with dopaminergic dysfunction

CERAVOLO, ROBERTO;FROSINI, DANIELA;POLETTI, MICHELE;KIFERLE, LORENZO;PAGNI, CRISTINA;MAZZUCCHI, SONIA;VOLTERRANI, DUCCIO;BONUCCELLI, UBALDO
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBIECTIVE: The investigation of the relationship between affective symptoms and dopamine transporter (DAT) density provided conflicting data in both Parkinson's disease (PD) and non-PD patients. However, the potential interference of psychoactive as well as anti-parkinsonian drugs on DAT density should be taken into account. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between affective symptoms and pre-synaptic dopaminergic function in de novo PD patients. METHODS: Forty-four de novo PD consecutive outpatients were recruited, and the severity of anxious symptoms was evaluated with the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), the severity of depressive symptoms with the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Six patients had a formal diagnosis of depression. All patients performed (123) I-FP-CIT SPECT, and semi-quantitative striatal indices were calculated. RESULTS: Disease severity, as measured by Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRSIII), was inversely correlated with bilateral striatal indices. Bilateral striatal uptake was significantly positively correlated with HAM-D (r.329; r.423, respectively, right and left), BDI (r.377; r.360, respectively, right and left) and HAM-A (r.338; r.340, respectively, right and left). After controlling for age, disease duration and severity, and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), no significant reduction in r-values was observed (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our data support the existence of a relationship between depressive and anxious symptoms and the striatal (123) I-FP-CIT uptake. The finding of an increased DAT density associated with mild affective symptoms could be due to the lack of compensatory mechanisms usually present in early PD, and/or it might have a pathogenic role in affective symptoms by reducing the dopaminergic tone in the synaptic cleft
Ceravolo, Roberto; Frosini, Daniela; Poletti, Michele; Kiferle, Lorenzo; Pagni, Cristina; Mazzucchi, Sonia; Volterrani, Duccio; Bonuccelli, Ubaldo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/713267
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 41
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 40
social impact