Patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis (HD) exhibit increased levels of oxidative stress, likely contributing to the increased rate of cardiovascular disease. The present study represents a critical evaluation of some of the most widely used oxidative indicators, as applied to the monitoring of hemodialysis-associated oxidative stress. Total plasma antioxidant capacity was determined by two independent procedures, the total antioxidant status (TAS) and the ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) methods. Plasma lipid peroxidation was assessed by determining the peroxidation products malonaldehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal (MDA-4HNE) as well as lipid hydroperoxides ("Fox-2" and "d-ROMs" methods). Total plasma thiols and plasma alpha-tocopherol were also determined. MDA-4HNE levels were higher in HD patients and decreased following HD, possibly due to passive diffusion across dialysis filters. d-ROMs were also higher in HD patients but exhibited a further increase following the dialysis procedure. Serum alpha-tocopherol did not show any significant differences. Plasma thiols were lower in HD patients and were restored following HD. Plasma total antioxidant capacity determined with either method was unexpectedly higher in HD patients compared to controls, and decreased following HD. These data indicate that, of the biomarkers studied, d-ROMs level is the one more accurately reflecting the oxidative alterations taking place in HD patients, while determination of MDA-4HNE fails to detect oxidation occurring during the HD sessions. In addition, our findings point out that the determination of total antioxidant capacity in HD patients is severely affected by the concomitant fluctuations in plasma urate levels and therefore needs careful interpretation.
|Autori interni:||POMPELLA, ALFONSO|
|Autori:||GERARDI GM; USBERTI M; MARTINI G; ALBERTINI A; SUGHERINI L; POMPELLA A; DI LORENZO D|
|Titolo:||Plasma total antioxidant capacity in hemodialyzed patients and its relationships with other biomarkers of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|