Pool boiling experiments were performed with degassed water on stainless steel substrates with different surface topographies and wettabilities. Boiling curves and visual observations of the boiling process have been carried out. The onset of nucleate boiling (ONB) has been measured and the influence of roughness and wettability has been quantified. Boiling curve shape is different between the hydrophilic and the superhydrophobic cases; superhydrophobic surfaces reaching the ONB heat flux at a lower superheat and presenting a "quasi-Leidenfrost" regime, without showing the typical boiling curve. Bubbles are easier to form on superhydrophobic surfaces, therefore the nucleation temperature is smaller, and bubbles are larger and stable. The ONB appears after less than 5 K of superheat on superhydrophobic surfaces, while on hydrophilic surfaces, with the same surface roughness, the superheat is above 7 K. Furthermore, superhydrophobic samples with a different roughness present the same boiling curve, meaning that, when the contact angle exceeds a certain value, the wettability has a predominant role on the surface roughness.
|Autori:||Malavasi, I.; Bourdon, B.; Di Marco, P. ; Coninck, J. de; Marengo, M.|
|Titolo:||Appearance of a low superheat “quasi-Leidenfrost” regime for boiling on superhydrophobic surfaces|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2015.01.012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|