Sterically congested adamantylideneadamantanes (1b-g) (X = Br, Cl, F, OH, OEt, OCOCH3), homoallylically substituted with equatorial groups (X), react with bromine in 1,2-dichloroethane to give a stable bromonium ion intermediate or a substitution product depending on the nature of the substituent and on the bromine concentration. The nature of the substituent markedly affects the formation constant of the 1:1 pi-complexes, as well as of the formation constant and reactivity of bromonium ion intermediates. The different reactivity of the ionic intermediates, which depends on the nature of substituents, is attributed to bromonium or bromocarbenium character of the intermediate, with the support of theoretical investigations. Ab initio calculations on 1:1 adamatyl-ideneadamantane-Br-2 complexes (2a-f) show that the substituent affects the stability of these species through electrostatic and dispersion effects. Solvent effects may also contribute to modulate the relative stability of these species.
|Autori interni:||CHIAPPE, CINZIA|
POMELLI, CHRISTIAN SILVIO
|Autori:||Chiappe C; De Rubertis A; Jaber A; Lenoir D; Wattenbach C; Pomelli CS|
|Titolo:||Reactivity of homoallylic substituted adamantylideneadamantanes with bromine. Substituent effects on the stability of the ionic and nonionic intermediates|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jo0203490|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|