This paper presents result from an economic and technical point of view evaluation study, which has sought to establish the potential for replacing well-water that is currently used at the Piaggio industrial plant in Pontedera with recycled wastewater. The study is based upon a pilot wastewater treatment plant, which has been used to test wastewater treatment processes and to compare with achieved quality of recycled waters with that of water drawn on-site from physical/chemical pre-treatment and end with a reverse osmosis and air stripping stage. However, after the physical/chemical pre-treatment, the first option uses oxidation with ozone followed by activated carbon filtration, whereas the second method uses ultrafiltration. The first method is more effective at reducing chemical oxygen demand (COD) whereas the second method is more effective in removing bacteria. Nonetheless, both methods deliver water for re-use of a quality comparable with or better than that of well-water. In principle, the reverse osmosis permeate from either process could be re-used in all production phases at the industrial plant. However, the method base upon oxidation with ozone followed by activated carbon filtration is preferred, because, the process is simpler and continuous. The economic analysis of this process gives an estimated cost of Euro 0.55 per m(3) for treated water. This compares favorably with other treatment processes and with the cost of other forms of water supply, which are projected to increase in any case. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Marcucci M; Tognotti L|
|Titolo:||Reuse of wastewater for industrial needs: the Pontedera case|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0921-3449(01)00108-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|