OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at investigating whether the β2 -adrenoceptor agonist, salbutamol, could modulate RhoA activation in normal and homologously desensitized bronchial smooth muscle cells (BSMC). METHODS: Serum-starved BSMCs were stimulated with the Rho-activating compound calpeptin in the presence or absence of salbutamol, the Epac activator, 8-pCPT-2'-O-Me-cAMP, or the site-selective activator of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), 6-Bnz-cAMP. Activated RhoA was assessed by immunocytochemical detection and by RhoA G-LISA assay. KEY FINDINGS: Stimulation with calpeptin caused translocation of RhoA from cytosol to plasma membrane, a condition required for the functional coupling of RhoA with its cellular targets. Pretreatment with salbutamol 10 μm for 15 min was found to block calpeptin-induced activation of RhoA in normal, but not in homologously desensitized cells. Pretreatment of calpeptin-stimulated BSMC with 8-pCPT-2'-O-Me-cAMP or 6-Bnz-cAMP could reproduce the effect of salbutamol. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated that salbutamol inhibits RhoA activation in human BSMC through β2 -adrenoceptor/Epac/PKA pathway. An important pharmacological implication of these finding is the possible contribution of RhoA pathway to the molecular mechanism involved in airway smooth muscle relaxation caused by acute/chronic exposure to β2-adrenoceptor agonists.
|Autori:||Fogli, Stefano; Stefanelli, Fabio; Battolla, Barbara; Bianchi, Francesco; Breschi, Maria C; Mattii, Letizia|
|Titolo:||Salbutamol inhibits RhoA activation in normal but not in desensitized bronchial smooth muscle cells|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/jphp.12444|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|