Complex interactions between tumor cells and their surrounding compartment are strongly influenced by the host in which the tumor grows. In melanoma, for instance, stress associated norephinephrine (NE), acting at β-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs), stimulates melanoma cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis. Among β-ARs, β3-ARs play a role acting not only at tumor cells but also at non-neoplastic stromal cells within the melanoma. In the present study, we used a murine model of B16 melanoma to evaluate the role of the host β1- and β2-ARs in melanoma growth and we determined whether the role of β3-ARs can be influenced by the absence of stromal β1- and β2-ARs. As compared to wild type mice, β1/2-AR knockout mice displayed i. increased intratumoral levels of both NE and β3-ARs, as evidentiated at both messenger and protein levels, ii. increased tumor vascularization, iii. decreased tumor cell proliferation but increased tumor cell apoptosis and iv. increased responsiveness to intratumoral injection of the β3-AR blocker L-748,337 in terms of decrease in tumor growth, tumor vascular response, tumor cell proliferation and increase in tumor cell death. These findings together validate the role of β-AR signalling in melanoma microenvironment suggesting that non-neoplastic stromal cells may be targeted by β-AR-related drugs. The additional fact that β3-ARs play an important role in melanoma growth suggest selective β3-AR antagonists as important proapoptotic agents.
|Autori:||Sereni, Federica; Dal Monte, Massimo; Filippi, Luca; Bagnoli, Paola|
|Titolo:||Role of host β1- and β2-adrenergic receptors in a murine model of B16 melanoma: functional involvement of β3-adrenergic receptors|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00210-015-1165-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|