We studied the role of alpha-adrenoceptors in controlling renin release by infusing increasing doses of phentolamine into six patients with essential hypertension. Furthermore, in order to evaluate the relative importance of alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors, phentolamine infusion was repeated in the same patients after pretreatment with prazosin, a selective alpha 1-blocking agent, and oxprenolol, a nonselective beta-blocker. After placebo, phentolamine infusion did not change mean blood pressure or heart rate and increased plasma renin activity (PRA) in a dose-dependent fashion. This finding suggests that the drug acts directly on the intrarenal renin producing apparatus and seems to confirm the inhibitory role of alpha-adrenoceptors in the control of renin release. After prazosin and oxprenolol pretreatment, PRA was respectively increased and decreased but it was unmodified by phentolamine infusion. This latter finding may indicate that both alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors are involved in renin release or that alpha-adrenoceptors cannot be clearly differentiated into alpha 1- and alpha 2-subtypes.

Mediation of renin release in essential hypertension by alpha-adrenoreceptors

PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO;MAGAGNA, ARMANDO;
1981

Abstract

We studied the role of alpha-adrenoceptors in controlling renin release by infusing increasing doses of phentolamine into six patients with essential hypertension. Furthermore, in order to evaluate the relative importance of alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors, phentolamine infusion was repeated in the same patients after pretreatment with prazosin, a selective alpha 1-blocking agent, and oxprenolol, a nonselective beta-blocker. After placebo, phentolamine infusion did not change mean blood pressure or heart rate and increased plasma renin activity (PRA) in a dose-dependent fashion. This finding suggests that the drug acts directly on the intrarenal renin producing apparatus and seems to confirm the inhibitory role of alpha-adrenoceptors in the control of renin release. After prazosin and oxprenolol pretreatment, PRA was respectively increased and decreased but it was unmodified by phentolamine infusion. This latter finding may indicate that both alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors are involved in renin release or that alpha-adrenoceptors cannot be clearly differentiated into alpha 1- and alpha 2-subtypes.
Pedrinelli, Roberto; Sassano, P; Arzilli, F; Magagna, Armando; Salvetti, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/7540
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