Eucoleus böhmi (syn. Capillaria boehmi) is a trichuroid nematode affecting the epithelium of the nasal turbinates, frontal and paranasal sinuses of wild and domestic canids. Knowledge of the geographic distribution of nasal eucoleosis is fragmentary, despite the infection has been described from Europe and North America. Moreover, gaps exist in information available on the importance of the disease in canine clinical practice. The lack of knowledge on E. böhmi is likely due to limitations inherent to diagnostic methodologies. The aim of the present work was to assess a PCR-based assay instrumental to the amplification of a species-specific region of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) gene encoding for the subunit 1 (cox1) gene of E. böhmi. Adult worms of E. böhmi from red foxes and dogs from Norway, Serbia and Italy and individual fecal samples from naturally infected dogs from Italy were included in the study. Stool samples from dogs negative for E. böhmi, but positive for other common parasites in both single and mixed infections, and adult stages of common dog parasites, were used to assess the specificity of this genetic assay. Using the panel of faecal samples, the assay showed a sensitivity of 85.14% and a specificity of 100%.
|Autori:||Di Cesare, A; Veronesi, F; Frangipane di Regalbono, A; De Liberato, C; Perrucci, Stefania; Iorio, R; Morganti, G; Marangi, M; Simonato, G; Traversa, D.|
|Titolo:||PCR-based assay for the mitochondrial cox1 specific amplification of Eucoleus böhmi.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.04.016.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|