A general chiroptical protocol for determination of absolute configuration of secondary amines including acyclic and cyclic aliphatic amines, aromatic amines, amino acids, and amino alcohols is described. The chiral substrate is linked to the achiral carrier moiety (3-N-Boc-amino-propyl-N-Boc-amino) acetic acid 1 (BocHNCH 2CH 2CH 2BocNCH 2COOH), which after deprotection, yields a bidentate conjugate, capable of forming a 1:1 host/guest complex with dimeric zinc porphyrin host 2. As in the cases of primary amines and secondary alcohols reported earlier, the complexation of secondary amine conjugates to porphyrin tweezer host 2 represents a stereodifferentiating process, where the large (L) group at the stereogenic center (assigned on the basis of conformational energies A value) protrudes from the porphyrin binding pocket. This leads to formation of host/guest complexes with a preferred porphyrin helicity that exhibit intense exciton split CD spectra. It was found that the chiral sense of porphyrin twist is clearly controlled by the stereogenic center despite the Z/E conformational complexity around the tertiary amide bond of secondary amine conjugates that has greatly hampered previous configurational assignments. Thus, in cases where there is no ambiguity regarding the relative steric size of substituents, the observed CD couplet can be applied for straightforward assignment of absolute configurations. In addition, to extend the application to more difficult cases a molecular mechanics calculation approach using the Merck Molecular Force Field (MMFFs) was developed; this provides conformational information of host/guest complexes and leads to prediction of preferred porphyrin helicity independent of conformational A values. This chiroptical protocol in combination with molecular modeling represents a general method for configurational assignments of secondary amines.
|Autori:||HUANG X; FUJIOKA N; PESCITELLI G; KOHEN FE; WILLIAMSON RT; NAKANISHI K; BEROVA N|
|Titolo:||Absolute Configurational Assignment of Secondary Amines by CD-Sensitive Dimeric Zinc Porphyrin Host|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/ja020520p|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|