Cx43, a predominant connexin in the heart, forms gap junctions (GJs) that facilitate electrical celi-celi coupling and hemichannels that represent a pathway for the exchange of ions and metabolites between cytoplasm and the extracellular milieu. Our recent results demonstrated that an altered distribution and quantitative expression of factors involved in Cx43-made GJ regulation as Cx43, its phosphorylated form pS368-Cx43, PKC phosphorylated substrates, and adenosine 2A receptor (A2AR) are present in ventricular myocardium with left ventricular dysfunction. Moreover, dipyridamole treatment, which shows a mild protective role on left ventricular function, seems to act through re-modulating the expression and activation of these factors. The role of these factors ori signal transduction cascade triggered by dipyridamole was evaluated in this study by pharmacological and immunoistochemical experiments using the rat cardiomyoblast celi line H9c2. The treatment of H9c2 cells with dipyridamole enhanced the expression of Cx43, A2AR and PKC activity while induced a decrease of pS368-Cx43. Interestingly, we found that the A2AR activation was a prerequisite for the effects of dipyridamole, in fact, the pre-treatment with CSC, a selective A2AR receptor antagonist, abolished its effects on the expression of these factors.

Dipyridamole increases Cx43 expression in heart muscle cells through Adenosine 2A receptor/PKC pathway / Bianchi, Francesco; Moscato, Stefania; Ippolito, Chiara; Dini, Sauro; Sabbatini, Antonietta R.M.; Dolfi, Amelio; Mattii, Letizia. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY. - ISSN 2038-5129. - STAMPA. - 120:1(2015), pp. 224-224. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 69° Congresso della Società Italiana di Anatomia e istologia tenutosi a Ferrara nel 17/09/2015 19/09/2015.

Dipyridamole increases Cx43 expression in heart muscle cells through Adenosine 2A receptor/PKC pathway

BIANCHI, FRANCESCO;MOSCATO, STEFANIA;IPPOLITO, CHIARA;DINI, SAURO;SABBATINI, ANTONIETTA RAFFAELLA MARIA;DOLFI, AMELIO;MATTII, LETIZIA
2015

Abstract

Cx43, a predominant connexin in the heart, forms gap junctions (GJs) that facilitate electrical celi-celi coupling and hemichannels that represent a pathway for the exchange of ions and metabolites between cytoplasm and the extracellular milieu. Our recent results demonstrated that an altered distribution and quantitative expression of factors involved in Cx43-made GJ regulation as Cx43, its phosphorylated form pS368-Cx43, PKC phosphorylated substrates, and adenosine 2A receptor (A2AR) are present in ventricular myocardium with left ventricular dysfunction. Moreover, dipyridamole treatment, which shows a mild protective role on left ventricular function, seems to act through re-modulating the expression and activation of these factors. The role of these factors ori signal transduction cascade triggered by dipyridamole was evaluated in this study by pharmacological and immunoistochemical experiments using the rat cardiomyoblast celi line H9c2. The treatment of H9c2 cells with dipyridamole enhanced the expression of Cx43, A2AR and PKC activity while induced a decrease of pS368-Cx43. Interestingly, we found that the A2AR activation was a prerequisite for the effects of dipyridamole, in fact, the pre-treatment with CSC, a selective A2AR receptor antagonist, abolished its effects on the expression of these factors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/759432
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