AIMS: We applied artificial neural networks (ANNs) to understand the connections among polymorphisms of genes involved in folate metabolism, clinico-pathological features and promoter methylation levels of MLH1, APC, CDKN2A(INK4A), MGMT and RASSF1A in 83 sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues, and to link dietary and lifestyle factors with gene promoter methylation. MATERIALS & METHODS: Promoter methylation was assessed by means of methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting and genotyping by PCR-RFLP technique. Data were analyzed with the Auto Contractive Map, a special kind of ANN able to define the strength of the association of each variable with all the others and to visually show the map of the main connections. RESULTS: We observed a strong connection between the low methylation levels of the five CRC genes and the MTR 2756AA genotype. Several other connections were revealed, including those between dietary and lifestyle factors and the methylation levels of CRC genes. CONCLUSION: ANNs revealed the complexity of the interconnections among factors linked to DNA methylation in CRC.

Application of artificial neural networks to link genetic and environmental factors to DNA methylation in colorectal cancer

COPPEDE', FABIO;LOPOMO, ANGELA;SPISNI, ROBERTO;MIGLIORE, LUCIA
2015

Abstract

AIMS: We applied artificial neural networks (ANNs) to understand the connections among polymorphisms of genes involved in folate metabolism, clinico-pathological features and promoter methylation levels of MLH1, APC, CDKN2A(INK4A), MGMT and RASSF1A in 83 sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues, and to link dietary and lifestyle factors with gene promoter methylation. MATERIALS & METHODS: Promoter methylation was assessed by means of methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting and genotyping by PCR-RFLP technique. Data were analyzed with the Auto Contractive Map, a special kind of ANN able to define the strength of the association of each variable with all the others and to visually show the map of the main connections. RESULTS: We observed a strong connection between the low methylation levels of the five CRC genes and the MTR 2756AA genotype. Several other connections were revealed, including those between dietary and lifestyle factors and the methylation levels of CRC genes. CONCLUSION: ANNs revealed the complexity of the interconnections among factors linked to DNA methylation in CRC.
Coppede', Fabio; Grossi, Enzo; Lopomo, Angela; Spisni, Roberto; Buscema, Massimo; Migliore, Lucia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/760814
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