OBJECTIVE: To compare tumor volume reduction rate (TVRR) measured by MR volumetry after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and pathological tumor regression grade (TRG) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 20 patients with LARC (cT3-T4) treated with CRT followed by Total Mesorectal Excision (TME) between April 2011 and April 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Pre- and post- CRT tumor volumes (MR volumetry) were measured on 3D MR sequences. TVRR was determined using the equation TVRR (%)=(pre-CRT tumor volume-post-CRT tumor volume)×100/pre-CRT tumor volume. The downstaging (defined as ypT0-T2) of tumor mass was evaluated and the correlation between TVRR and TRG was calculated with the method proposed by Dworak using the Spearman rank test. RESULTS: The median TVRR was 77.3% (range, 26.4-99.3%); TVRR was >60% in 18 cases (90%) and in 8 of these patients (44.4 %) it was >80%. Downstaging of tumor lesions was obtained in 15 patients (75%). In 4 cases there was a complete tumor regression (TRG4) at histological examination and in the same patients there was also a TVRR>80% measured by MR volumetry. A statistically significant correlation between TVRR and TRG (rs=0.5466, p=0.0126) was observed. CONCLUSION: TVRR after preoperative CRT correlates with TRG in LARC. The MR volumetry is a prognostic factor to estimate the tumor response after preoperative CRT. TVRR data may be an useful biomarker for tailoring surgery and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

MRI tumor volume reduction rate vs tumor regression grade in the pre-operative re-staging of locally advanced rectal cancer after chemo-radiotherapy

NERI, EMANUELE;GUIDI, ELISA;CASTAGNA, MAURA;FALCONE, ALFREDO;Faggioni, Lorenzo;
2015

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare tumor volume reduction rate (TVRR) measured by MR volumetry after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and pathological tumor regression grade (TRG) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 20 patients with LARC (cT3-T4) treated with CRT followed by Total Mesorectal Excision (TME) between April 2011 and April 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Pre- and post- CRT tumor volumes (MR volumetry) were measured on 3D MR sequences. TVRR was determined using the equation TVRR (%)=(pre-CRT tumor volume-post-CRT tumor volume)×100/pre-CRT tumor volume. The downstaging (defined as ypT0-T2) of tumor mass was evaluated and the correlation between TVRR and TRG was calculated with the method proposed by Dworak using the Spearman rank test. RESULTS: The median TVRR was 77.3% (range, 26.4-99.3%); TVRR was >60% in 18 cases (90%) and in 8 of these patients (44.4 %) it was >80%. Downstaging of tumor lesions was obtained in 15 patients (75%). In 4 cases there was a complete tumor regression (TRG4) at histological examination and in the same patients there was also a TVRR>80% measured by MR volumetry. A statistically significant correlation between TVRR and TRG (rs=0.5466, p=0.0126) was observed. CONCLUSION: TVRR after preoperative CRT correlates with TRG in LARC. The MR volumetry is a prognostic factor to estimate the tumor response after preoperative CRT. TVRR data may be an useful biomarker for tailoring surgery and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Neri, Emanuele; Guidi, Elisa; Pancrazi, Francesca; Castagna, Maura; Castelluccio, Elisa; Balestri, Riccardo; Buccianti, Piero; Masi, Luca; Falcone, Alfredo; Manfredi, Bruno; Faggioni, Lorenzo; Bartolozzi, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/760853
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