Synapse elimination is a general feature of the development of neural connections, including the connections of motoneurons to skeletal muscle fibers. Our work addressed two questions: (1) how the action potentials generated in the set of motoneurons innervating an individual muscle (i.e., in a motor pool) are correlated in time during development in vivo; (2) what influence different firing patterns exert on the processes of polyneuronal innervation and synapse elimination which characterize the establishment of muscle innervation. We recorded the spontaneous electromyographic activity of the tibialis anterior and soleus muscles of late embryonic and neonatal rats, identifying the firing of at least two single motor unit signals in each record. We found that a striking switch occurs a few days after birth from a highly synchronous type of firing to an asynchronous one, the first thus characterizing embryonic while the second one adult motoneurons. We also investigated the effects of an evoked synchronous type of discharge on neuromuscular synapse formation, measuring polyneuronal innervation and synapse elimination. This was done in an adult in vivo model of de novo synapse formation, while a chronic TTX nerve conduction block, placed centrally with respect to the stimulating electrodes, eliminated the natural activity of motoneurons. We found that the imposed synchronous activity greatly inhibits synapse elimination, causing polyneuronal innervation to persist. We conclude that the early synchronous firing, favors the establishment of polyneuronal innervation while the subsequent switch to an asynchronous one promotes synapse elimination.
|Autori:||BUSETTO G; BUFFELLI M; CANGIANO L; CANGIANO A|
|Titolo:||Effects of evoked and spontaneous motoneuronal firing on synapse competition and elimination in skeletal muscle|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1023/B:NEUR.0000020624.48032.ed|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|