The time-dependent population dynamics of hyperfine (HF) levels of n2p3/2 states is examined for cyclic transitions in alkali atoms. We study a slow and cold atomic beam of Na (n = 3) and Cs (n = 6), taking into account the long interaction time of light with atoms (~200 μs) inside the resonant laser beam. Simple analytical expressions for the populations of the excited states and for the intensities of the absorption lines are derived for a three-level system model. We show that at moderate pump laser power the mixing of HF levels is sufficient to form a flow of population from a cyclic transition to partially open transitions. We discuss various phenomena associated with the evolution of optical pumping that cannot be explained by general analysis of two-level system model.
|Autori:||Bruvelis, M.; Cinins, A.; Leitis, A.; Efimov, D. K.; Bezuglov, N. N.; Chirtsov, A. S.; Fuso, F.; Ekers, A.|
|Titolo:||Particularities of optical pumping effects in cold and ultra-slow beams of Na and Cs in the case of cyclic transitions|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1134/S0030400X1512005X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|