A research cooperation between USDA and the University of Pisa led to the development of several composite blends of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and lignocellulosic fibers. The cast films were prepared by blending orange fibers (OR-fibers) and PVA with and without cornstarch to yield flexible and cohesive films. To improve properties, films were also prepared by crosslinking PVA, starch and OR-fibers with hexamethoxymethylmelamine (HMMM). Films were evaluated for their thermal stability, water permeability and biodegradation. Thermal gravimetric analyses indicated the potential usefulness of such blends in several thermoplastic applications. Films were permeable to water, and retained the moisture content in the soil while retaining their integrity. Films generally biodegraded within 30 days in compost, achieving between 50-80% mineralization. Both neat PVA and blends that had been crosslinked showed comparatively slow degradation. A possible stimulating effect of lingocellulosic fillers on the biodegradation of PVA in blends has been observed.
|Autori:||Cinelli, P; GORDON S., H; IMAM S., H; Chiellini, Emo|
|Titolo:||Characteristics and Degradation of Hybrid Composite Films Prepared from PVA, Starch and Lignocellulosics|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/masy.200350714|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|