We investigated whether HBV genotype influences on-treatment HBsAg kinetics and/or the end-of-treatment HBsAg levels associated with long-term virological response in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients treated with peginterferon alfa-2a±lamivudine in the Phase III trial. METHODS: All patients (n=230) who participated in long-term follow-up were included according to the availability of HBsAg level measurements. Long-term virological response was defined as HBV DNA ≤ 10,000cp/ml (1786IU/ml) at 5 years post-treatment. Genotype-specific end-of-treatment HBsAg levels associated with long-term virological response (identified by ROC analysis) were assessed in 199 patients with HBsAg measurements available at baseline and end-of-treatment. HBsAg kinetics according to genotype and long-term virological response were investigated in the 117 patients with additional samples available at weeks 12, 24, and 72. RESULTS: Baseline HBsAg levels were significantly higher for A than B, C, and D genotypes (p<0.05). On-treatment HBsAg kinetics varied according to HBV genotype. The difference between responders and non-responders was greatest for genotype A from weeks 12-24; for genotypes B and D from baseline to week 12; there was no significant difference over any timeframe for genotype C. High positive predictive values for long-term virological response could be obtained by applying end-of-treatment genotype-specific cut-offs: 75%, 47%, 71%, and 75% for genotypes A (<400IU/ml), B (<50IU/ml), C (<75IU/ml), and D (<1000IU/ml), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: On-treatment HBsAg kinetics vary between HBV genotypes. Genotype-specific monitoring timeframes and end-of-treatment thresholds could ameliorate response-guided treatment of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B.
|Autori:||Brunetto, Mr; Marcellin, P; Cherubini, B; Yurdaydin, C; Farci, P; Hadziyannis, Sj; Rothe, V; Regep, L; Bonino, F.|
|Titolo:||Response to peginterferon alfa-2a (40KD) in HBeAg-negative CHB: on-treatment kinetics of HBsAg serum levels vary by HBV genotype|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jhep.2013.07.017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|