The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of estrogens and androgens on hypothalamic beta-endorphin (beta-EP) concentrations. Intact or castrated female rats were chronically (2 weeks) treated with estrogen (estradiol benzoate) and/or antiestrogens (clomiphene, cyclophenil or epimestrol), and with androgens (dihydrotestosterone or dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate) and/or antiandrogen (cyproterone acetate). A group of rats treated with vehicle were studied as comparison. The beta-EP concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay on acidic extracts of rat hypothalami. The administration of clomiphene and cyclophenil significantly reduced hypothalamic beta-EP concentrations in intact rats, while both drugs or estradiol benzoate increased the peptide concentration in castrated rats. Both intact and castrated rats treated with epimestrol showed hypothalamic beta-EP concentrations higher than vehicle treated rats. The estradiol-induced increase of beta-EP was not changed by the concomitant administration of antiestrogens. The administration of dihydrotestosterone significantly decreased beta-EP concentrations in both intact and castrated female rats, while the treatment with dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate only slightly decreased beta-EP levels in intact female rats. The cyproterone acetate-chronically treated rats showed higher beta-EP concentrations than vehicle-treated rats and these changes were reversed by the concomitant addition of dihydrotestosterone or dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate. These results showed that estrogens play a positive role while androgens negatively influence the hypothalamic beta-EP concentrations in female rats, supporting the view that central beta-EP might be a target of gonadal steroid feedback signals.
|Autori:||Genazzani A; Petraglia F; Mercuri N; Brilli G; Genazzani AD; Bergamaschi M; DeRamundo BM; Volpe A.|
|Titolo:||Effect of steroid hormones and antihormones on hypothalamic beta-endorphin concentrations in intact and castrated female rats.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|