A number of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channel openers based on the 2-aryl-1,4-benzothiazine scaffold were previously synthesized, and 2-(5-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-3(4H)-one (1) was identified as the most active compound. Since a stereoselective activation of BK channels was demonstrated for arylindolone derivatives, the effect of the absolute configuration at the C-2 position on the vasorelaxing potency of 2-aryl-1,4-benzothiazines is investigated in this article. Compound 1 was initially evaluated as a racemate: subsequently, the "racemic approach" was used to isolate its enantiomers. The excellent enantioresolution obtained using the Sepapak-4 column (CSP 4, cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-metylphenylcarbamate); RS=8.36; α=2.03) allowed to collect highly pure enantiomeric fractions, with enantiomeric excess (e.e.) values higher than 97% and 98% for the first- and second-eluted enantiomer, respectively. Electronic circular dichroism (ECD) studies on the two isolated enantiomers, combined with time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations allowed to characterize the configuration of the enantiomers and determine a (R), (S) elution order. Results from biological assays indicated that the racemate and the isolated enantiomers are endowed with comparable vasorelaxing potency.

Enantioresolution, stereochemical characterization and biological activity of a chiral large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel opener

MARTELLI, ALMA;
2014

Abstract

A number of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channel openers based on the 2-aryl-1,4-benzothiazine scaffold were previously synthesized, and 2-(5-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-3(4H)-one (1) was identified as the most active compound. Since a stereoselective activation of BK channels was demonstrated for arylindolone derivatives, the effect of the absolute configuration at the C-2 position on the vasorelaxing potency of 2-aryl-1,4-benzothiazines is investigated in this article. Compound 1 was initially evaluated as a racemate: subsequently, the "racemic approach" was used to isolate its enantiomers. The excellent enantioresolution obtained using the Sepapak-4 column (CSP 4, cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-metylphenylcarbamate); RS=8.36; α=2.03) allowed to collect highly pure enantiomeric fractions, with enantiomeric excess (e.e.) values higher than 97% and 98% for the first- and second-eluted enantiomer, respectively. Electronic circular dichroism (ECD) studies on the two isolated enantiomers, combined with time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations allowed to characterize the configuration of the enantiomers and determine a (R), (S) elution order. Results from biological assays indicated that the racemate and the isolated enantiomers are endowed with comparable vasorelaxing potency.
Sardella, Roccaldo; Carotti, Andrea; Manfroni, Giuseppe; Tedesco, Daniele; Martelli, Alma; Bertucci, Carlo; Cecchetti, Violetta; Natalini, Benedetto
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Jc A Sardella et al 2014.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Descrizione: Articolo finale
Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 733.54 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
733.54 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/777304
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact