In this paper, we analyze the light transmission from a twisted nematic liquid crystal (NLC) and we propose two accurate and very direct optical methods to measure the azimuthal anchoring energy. In both of them, a monochromatic beam of wavelength lambda with a polarization vector that rotates at an angular frequency omega impinges on a twisted nematic liquid crystal. The intensity of the transmitted beam is modulated at angular frequency 2omega with a phase shift beta, which is related to the surface azimuthal director angle phi(1) at the investigated interface. It is shown that there exists a special geometry where the simple adiabatic relation phi(1)=beta/2 is satisfied up to second order in the small perturbative parameter alpha=lambda/(2piDeltanxi), where Deltan is the anisotropy of the refractive indices of the NLC and xi is the twist distortion length. Furthermore, the small residual higher order correction terms can be greatly reduced by choosing a proper geometry for the experiment. With this choice, the range of validity of the adiabatic theory is greatly extended. The perturbative theoretical results are fully confirmed by numerical calculations. The azimuthal anchoring energy coefficient can be obtained by measuring phase shift beta versus the intensity of an applied magnetic field. These methods greatly improve the accuracy of the previous transmitted light techniques and also provide accurate measurements of strong azimuthal anchoring energies.
|Autori interni:||FAETTI, SANDRO|
|Autori:||Faetti S; Mutinati GC|
|Titolo:||Light transmission from a twisted nematic liquid crystal: Accurate methods to measure the azimuthal anchoring energy|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevE.68.026601|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|