We discuss the role of the U(1) axial symmetry for the phase structure of QCD at finite temperature. We expect that, above a certain critical temperature, also the U(1) axial symmetry will be (effectively) restored. We will try to see if this transition has (or has not) anything to do with the usual chiral transition: various possible scenarios are discussed. In particular, supported by recent lattice results, we analyze a scenario in which a U(1)-breaking condensate survives across the chiral transition. This scenario can be consistently reproduced using an effective Lagrangian model. The effects of the U(1) chiral condensate on the slope of the topological susceptibility in the full theory with quarks are studied: we find that this quantity (in the chiral limit of zero quark masses) acts as an order parameter for the U(1) axial symmetry above the chiral transition. Further information on the new U(1) chiral order parameter is derived from the study (at zero temperature) of the radiative decays of the "light" pseudoscalar mesons in two photons: a comparison of our results with the experimental data is performed. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Marchi M; Meggiolaro E|
|Titolo:||Reviewing the problem of the U (1) axial symmetry and the chiral transition in QCD|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0550-3213(03)00486-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|