Emulsion blending as a new method to combine a water-soluble biopolymer, gelatin, with a synthetic biodegradable elastomer, poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate) (PBSA), was investigated. Blending by wet processing a hydrophilic biopolymer with a hydrophobic synthetic polymer aimed at evaluating the potential for improving the mechanical properties of the biopolymer without affecting its biodegradability. The effect of the variation of blend composition, and of the experimental procedure for the emulsification and the subsequent preparation of cast films from the resulting oil-in-water emulsions was analyzed. In particular, processing temperature, concentration of the precursor solutions (aqueous gelatin and PBSA in dichloromethane, respectively), blending method and post treatment conditions (T, P) affect the quality and stability of the aqueous gelatin emulsion containing PBSA in dichloromethane as the dispersed phase. Control of the aqueous phase viscosity is a key parameter for both the emulsion stability and the morphology of the final heterophasic cast films. In fact, viscosity must be sufficiently low to allow high shear emulsification, but high enough to prevent coalescence among the organic phase droplets. The process conditions optimized for a 80/20 blend were extended to the preparation of blends with 5–30 wt % PBSA. It was found that evaporation of the organic phase must be nearly quantitative before casting to allow the formation of uniform films at any investigated composition of the immiscible polymer blend. In fact, when the films are produced by casting, the presence of residual organic solvent along with too high a viscosity of the aqueous gelatin phase promotes the formation of cavities opening up at the lower film surface as a result of the higher density of CH2Cl2. However, such cavities, internally sheathed with PBSA microbeads precipitated upon evaporation of the organic phase, if smaller than 100 μm turned out to improve the flexibility of the films.

Emulsion Blending Approach for the Preparation of Gelatin/Poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate) Films

BERTOLDO, MONICA;COLTELLI, MARIA BEATRICE;MESSINA, TIZIANA;BRONCO, SIMONA;CASTELVETRO, VALTER
2016

Abstract

Emulsion blending as a new method to combine a water-soluble biopolymer, gelatin, with a synthetic biodegradable elastomer, poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate) (PBSA), was investigated. Blending by wet processing a hydrophilic biopolymer with a hydrophobic synthetic polymer aimed at evaluating the potential for improving the mechanical properties of the biopolymer without affecting its biodegradability. The effect of the variation of blend composition, and of the experimental procedure for the emulsification and the subsequent preparation of cast films from the resulting oil-in-water emulsions was analyzed. In particular, processing temperature, concentration of the precursor solutions (aqueous gelatin and PBSA in dichloromethane, respectively), blending method and post treatment conditions (T, P) affect the quality and stability of the aqueous gelatin emulsion containing PBSA in dichloromethane as the dispersed phase. Control of the aqueous phase viscosity is a key parameter for both the emulsion stability and the morphology of the final heterophasic cast films. In fact, viscosity must be sufficiently low to allow high shear emulsification, but high enough to prevent coalescence among the organic phase droplets. The process conditions optimized for a 80/20 blend were extended to the preparation of blends with 5–30 wt % PBSA. It was found that evaporation of the organic phase must be nearly quantitative before casting to allow the formation of uniform films at any investigated composition of the immiscible polymer blend. In fact, when the films are produced by casting, the presence of residual organic solvent along with too high a viscosity of the aqueous gelatin phase promotes the formation of cavities opening up at the lower film surface as a result of the higher density of CH2Cl2. However, such cavities, internally sheathed with PBSA microbeads precipitated upon evaporation of the organic phase, if smaller than 100 μm turned out to improve the flexibility of the films.
Bertoldo, Monica; Coltelli, MARIA BEATRICE; Messina, Tiziana; Bronco, Simona; Castelvetro, Valter
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/791169
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