Bacillus cereus is the causative agent of both gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal infections. Enterotoxins, emetic toxin (cereulide), hemolysins, cytotoxin K, and phospholipases are known as potential virulence factors of this microorganism. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of B. cereus-caused diseases in man as well as the toxins produced by this organism are briefly reviewed in this report. Particular attention has been given to the methods that allow for the evaluation of the toxigenic profile and pathogenic potential of B. cereus strains.
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