To evaluate the role of elevation of non-esterified fatty acids on forearm nitric oxide (NO) dependent and independent relaxation, four studies were performed in the forearms of 14 normals: (1). endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilations were assessed during acetylcholine (Ach) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) infusions; (2). flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) was assessed; (3) .bradykinin (BK) was infused during NO and prostaglandin inhibition (NO clamp); (4). blood flow (FBF) was measured during Ouabain, a Na(+)/K(+) ATPase, and BaCl(2), rectifying potassium channel (K(IR)) blockers, respectively. All studies were performed before and after 120 min. Intralipid+heparin (high-NEFA) infusion. Ach-mediated FBF increase was lower at high-NEFA (332+/-34 vs. 436+/-44% at 45 microg l forearm(-1) min(-1); % of ratio infused: control arm P<0.05), while SNP response was similar. FMD did not differ before and during high-NEFA, which induced a blunted response of FBF during BK with or without NO clamp. Ouabain and BaCl(2)-mediated FBF inhibition was lower (P<0.01) at high-NEFA. During ouabain alone FBF decreased slightly. IN CONCLUSION: High-NEFA exerts a negative role on both NO-dependent and independent vasodilations. The decrease in FBF, mediated by K(IR) inhibition, is blunted by high-NEFA: these substrates interfere with hemodynamic/metabolism coupling, possibly through the inhibition of these channels

Elevated non-esterified fatty acids impair nitric oxide independent vasodilation, in humans: evidence for a role of inwardly rectifying potassium channels

DEL PRATO, STEFANO;
2003-01-01

Abstract

To evaluate the role of elevation of non-esterified fatty acids on forearm nitric oxide (NO) dependent and independent relaxation, four studies were performed in the forearms of 14 normals: (1). endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilations were assessed during acetylcholine (Ach) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) infusions; (2). flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) was assessed; (3) .bradykinin (BK) was infused during NO and prostaglandin inhibition (NO clamp); (4). blood flow (FBF) was measured during Ouabain, a Na(+)/K(+) ATPase, and BaCl(2), rectifying potassium channel (K(IR)) blockers, respectively. All studies were performed before and after 120 min. Intralipid+heparin (high-NEFA) infusion. Ach-mediated FBF increase was lower at high-NEFA (332+/-34 vs. 436+/-44% at 45 microg l forearm(-1) min(-1); % of ratio infused: control arm P<0.05), while SNP response was similar. FMD did not differ before and during high-NEFA, which induced a blunted response of FBF during BK with or without NO clamp. Ouabain and BaCl(2)-mediated FBF inhibition was lower (P<0.01) at high-NEFA. During ouabain alone FBF decreased slightly. IN CONCLUSION: High-NEFA exerts a negative role on both NO-dependent and independent vasodilations. The decrease in FBF, mediated by K(IR) inhibition, is blunted by high-NEFA: these substrates interfere with hemodynamic/metabolism coupling, possibly through the inhibition of these channels
2003
de Kreutzenberg, Sv; Puato, M; Kiwanuka, E; DEL PRATO, Stefano; Pauletto, P; Pasini, L; Tiengo, A; Avogaro, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/79871
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