We have reviewed 16 cases of soft tissue sarcomas of the upper limb treated with wide excision of the tumour and immediate soft tissue reconstruction by means of a microvascular flap. 9 patients were males, 7 females ; age ranged from 12 to 74 years. All the patients had been referred to us after previous failed or inadequate excisions. All the tumours were high-grade malignancies in an extracompartmental location (stade IIB according to Enneking). Histopathologic diagnosis was : synovial-sarcoma in 11 cases ; fibrosarcoma in 2 cases ; malignant fibrous histiocytoma in 1 case, soft tissue osteosarcoma in 1 case, epitheloid sarcoma in 1 case. The site of the tumour was the hand in 2 cases, the wrist in 6 cases, the forearm in 5 cases and the elbow in 3 cases. The free flaps used for soft tissue reconstructions were the latissimus dorsi in 6 cases, the dorsalis pedis in 2 cases, the lateral arm flap in 2 cases, the serratus in 1 case, the gracilis in 1 case. The island flaps were the radial forearm flap in 1 case, the posterior interosseous flap in 1 case, the cubital flap in 1 case. 14 cases required immediate associated reconstructive procedures such as tendon transfers or grafts (5 cases), vascularized or non vascularized bone grafts (4 cases), articular allografts (1 case), ligament reconstruction (1 case), nerve grafts (2 cases). Brachytherapy was associated to microsurgical reconstruction in the last 6 cases of this group. The catheters were charged with the radioisotope 5 days after surgery. No complications were observed. At the last follow-up 12 patients had no evidence of disease with a good or excellent functional result ; 2 cases presented no new sign of disease after having been amputated because of a local recurrence ; on subject is alive after lung metastasectomy ; one patient is dead with distant metastases.
|Autori:||Ceruso; M.; Angeloni; R.; Innocenti; M.; Lauri; G.; Capanna R; Bufalini; C.|
|Titolo:||Microvascular flaps for repair of soft tissue oncological resections of the upper limb: Review of 16 cases|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|