Osteoarticular allografts represent a reconstructive option after bone tumor resection around the knee in growing children. The major advantage is the chance to preserve the growth plate of the remaining bone, but the disadvantage is the high failure rate eventually requiring definitive prosthetic replacement at skeletal maturity. We retrospectively reviewed 22 patients who underwent osteoarticular allograft reconstructions of the distal femur (16) or proximal tibia (6). There were 12 females and 10 males with an average age at surgery of 11 years (7-15). The diagnosis was osteosarcoma in 19 cases and Ewing sarcoma in 3. All patients underwent pre- and post-operative chemotherapy. At an average follow-up of 103 months (12-167), 18 patients (82%) were alive and 4 had died (18%). We observed 10 allograft failures requiring prosthetic replacement, 6 in distal femur and 4 in proximal tibia reconstructions. At last follow-up 8 allografts (36%) were still in place. Overall allograft survival was 79.6% at five and 45.8% at ten years. In distal femur, allograft survival was 86.2% at five and 59.1% at ten years. In proximal tibia, allograft survival was 62.5% at 5 years and 31.2% at 67 months. Average limb shortening was 3 cm (0- 5) in 8 patients with the allograft still in situ and 2 cm (0-4) in 10 patients after prosthetic replacement. Average MSTS functional score of the whole series was 25 (83.7%). The MSTS score of patients after revision with prosthetic replacement was 24 (80%) while patients who still had the allograft retained had an average MSTS scores of 26.8 (89.3%). In conclusion, osteoarticular allograft reconstruction of the knee after bone tumor resection in pediatric age can be considered a temporary solution with the aim to limit limb length discrepancy before definitive prosthetic replacement after skeletal maturity.
Osteoarticular allografts in paediatric bone tumor reconstruction of the knee / Campanacci D., A; Dursky, S; Totti, F; Frenos, F; Scoccianti, G; Beltrami, G; Capanna, Rodolfo. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL REGULATORS & HOMEOSTATIC AGENTS. - ISSN 0393-974X. - 29:4, suppl. 1(2015), pp. 111-119.
CAPANNA, RODOLFO (Ultimo)
|Autori:||Campanacci D., A; Dursky, S; Totti, F; Frenos, F; Scoccianti, G; Beltrami, G; Capanna, Rodolfo|
|Titolo:||Osteoarticular allografts in paediatric bone tumor reconstruction of the knee|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|