The author have reviewed sixty nine cases of congenital elevation of scapula on whom scapuloplexy was performed. The degree of elevation was classified according to Rigault's criteria (1976). This operation gave excellent or good results in 68 per cent of cases, the improvement being slightly better from the aesthetic than from the functional point of view. The factors adversely influencing the results were: the degree of elevation, scoliosis, "pagoda" deformity, and insufficient surgical lowering. Osteotomy of the clavicle is necessary in the presence of neurological complications. In cases with scoliosis or "pagoda" deformity of the scapula it is desirable also to resect the supero-medial angle. The operation should be carried out before the patient reaches the age of ten years.
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