In order to investigate the efficacy of free vascularised fibular graft (VFG) after bone intercalary tumour resection in tibia, we present our results with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. From 1988 to 2001, 47 patients affected by high-grade tibial sarcoma in 31 cases (66%), and low-grade diesease in 16 cases (34%) were treated in our department. Average age was 19 years (range 5–60 years), with a male/female ratio of 1.35. The average length of tibial resection was 15 cm, while the average length of the fibular graft was 19 cm. In 11 cases (21%) VFG was assembled alone, while in 36 cases (79%) a massive bone allograft was associated to the fibula. Three patients developed a deep infection, treated by amputation in two cases and by graft removal and an Ilizarov device in one case. Minor complications occurred in 28 cases (55%) (stress fractures, wound slough, osteosynthesis breakage), all healed by minor surgery or conservative treatment. At an average follow-up of 108 months (range 24 to 185 months), four patients had died of disease and three were lost to follow-up. Regarding the overall results, the combined group of fibula plus massive allograft showed to be more effective than the group of fibula alone in terms of early weight bearing (6 versus 12 months), while VFG showed intrinsic efficacy in achieving early bony fusion at the osteotomy lines and hypertrophy of the graft in both groups. Furthermore, using the combined assembly the articular surface could be spared in all the trans-epiphyseal resections, while VFG alone appeared to be electively indicated for infected or irradiated fields. In conclusion, despite the demanding surgical technique, VFG appears to be a long-lasting and definitive biological reconstruction procedure after intercalary tibial resection.

Intercalary reconstruction by vascularised fibular graft after bone tumour tibial resection.

CAPANNA, RODOLFO
2005

Abstract

In order to investigate the efficacy of free vascularised fibular graft (VFG) after bone intercalary tumour resection in tibia, we present our results with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. From 1988 to 2001, 47 patients affected by high-grade tibial sarcoma in 31 cases (66%), and low-grade diesease in 16 cases (34%) were treated in our department. Average age was 19 years (range 5–60 years), with a male/female ratio of 1.35. The average length of tibial resection was 15 cm, while the average length of the fibular graft was 19 cm. In 11 cases (21%) VFG was assembled alone, while in 36 cases (79%) a massive bone allograft was associated to the fibula. Three patients developed a deep infection, treated by amputation in two cases and by graft removal and an Ilizarov device in one case. Minor complications occurred in 28 cases (55%) (stress fractures, wound slough, osteosynthesis breakage), all healed by minor surgery or conservative treatment. At an average follow-up of 108 months (range 24 to 185 months), four patients had died of disease and three were lost to follow-up. Regarding the overall results, the combined group of fibula plus massive allograft showed to be more effective than the group of fibula alone in terms of early weight bearing (6 versus 12 months), while VFG showed intrinsic efficacy in achieving early bony fusion at the osteotomy lines and hypertrophy of the graft in both groups. Furthermore, using the combined assembly the articular surface could be spared in all the trans-epiphyseal resections, while VFG alone appeared to be electively indicated for infected or irradiated fields. In conclusion, despite the demanding surgical technique, VFG appears to be a long-lasting and definitive biological reconstruction procedure after intercalary tibial resection.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/801611
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact